Do you know the trigona bees?

They are a genus of bees, the stingless bee. Apis trigona is the most commonly traditionally raised bee by rural communities in forested areas throughout Indonesia. They have tiny bodies and love tiny flowers. The worker is black, with a big head and a sharp jaw to bite their enemies. The queen is 3-4 workers’ body size with short wings. The queen is not good at flying, so they tend not to move, except if their hive is too old or the wax is too hard.

Naturally, they build their nests in tree cavities, gaps in walls, and bamboo holes in dimly lit spaces within houses. For security, the entry and exit points typically take the form of small 1 cm holes coated with adhesive substances. Their nest is composed of several sections for storing honey, pollen, egg-laying, and larval chambers. In the center, there is a cluster of balls containing eggs, pollen, and pupae. In the corners, dark balls serve as storage for honey and pollen.

The bees are commonly raised through traditional methods. Their hives are typically constructed using hollowed logs, mimicking the nests of bees found in the hollows of large tree trunks or protected caves shielded from the harsh sunlight and rain. Imitation hives for Trigona Stingless Honey Bees are crafted from materials such as coconut stems, kapok tree wood, softwood from the pucung tree, or other types of softwood. These bees produce honey and wax in very small quantities, and their honey has a sour taste. It is often used for medicinal purposes, particularly for treating canker sores. The wax, on the other hand, is used in the art of batik.

Naturally, we can find them in the jungle near the Ecolodge Bukit Lawang. But if you really want to see them, you can visit Ecofarm, we raised them for the honey.